Diet can’t be illustrated in any particular form. It can be beneficial to one and can be hazardous to the other person. There should be proper knowledge to understand the balanced diet. we should choose our diet by scientific way so that it can not harm us any way and should not the cause of any disease and be safe for our health. Age, sex, climate, built of our body, type of our job (occupation), digestive power and stage of disease are main factors which should be kept in mind while choosing our diet.
AGE: Growing children need proper balanced diet and nutrition for their body to grow. Extra amount of calcium, proteins, phosphorous, vitamins, fat and other micro nutrients are much needed in these growing children. As the age of child progresses the quality of diet should be checked properly instead of quantity. Saying that the diet which we take at the age of 15-20 should be taken at the age of 40 is a foolish thing. More minerals and micro nutrients are required during growth of children due to growth period of child. In age after forty person require more enzymes and vitamins due to the process of more cells are destroyed in this age. During old age cereals should be taken in low quantity and should prefer to take germinated food and fruits to fulfill the requirement of the body. During old age more excessive food can cause discomfort of abdomen like indigestion and loose stool. In young growing age more fruits, vegetables and cereals are required to grow the tissues.
SEX: Usually women need less amount of calories diet as compared to men. The weight, built and height of women is lesser than men comparatively. The quality and quantity of diet should be increases during pregnancy and during lactation, as during this period food is not only necessary to woman but will also give nutrition to the child also. lactating and pregnant women need more nourished food than the non pregnant. Women should take healthy diet as during menstruation.
CLIMATE: Consumption of food also depend on the climate of the surrounding. People reside in cold region consume more calories than people who lives in the hot climate. Countries in Europe and America needs more calorie food than Asia and Africa. Our body needs more energy and temperature boosted food in the cold climatic area as compare to hot areas. In cold regions meats etc. are more consumed in the winter season. In hot climate other products like watermelons, and other fruits and their juices are much consumed.