Ovarian cysts: types, symptoms and complications


English: 2 cm left sided ovarian cyst
English: 2 cm left sided ovarian cyst (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They are located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus. Women have two ovaries that produce eggs, as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Sometimes, a fluid-filled sac called a cyst will develop on one of the ovaries. Many women will develop at least one cyst during their life. In most cases, cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.

Types of Ovarian Cysts

There are various types of ovarian cysts, such as dermoid cysts and endometrioma cysts. However, functional cysts are the most common type. The two types of functional cysts include follicle and corpus luteum cysts.

  • Follicular cyst
  • Corpus luteum cysts

Other types of ovarian cysts include:

  • dermoid cysts: sac-like growths on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat, and other tissue
  • cystadenomas: non-cancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of ovaries
  • endometriomas: tissues that normally grow inside the uterus can develop outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst

Some women develop a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome. This is when the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts. This condition can cause the ovaries to enlarge, and if left untreated, polycystic ovaries can cause infertility problems.

Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst

Often times, ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms. However, symptoms can appear as the cyst grows. Symptoms may include:

  • abdominal bloating or swelling
  • painful bowel movements
  • pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
  • painful intercourse
  • pain in the lower back or thighs
  • breast tenderness
  • nausea and vomiting

Severe symptoms of an ovarian cyst that require immediate medical attention include:

  • severe or sharp pelvic pain
  • fever
  • faintness or dizziness
  • rapid breathing

These symptoms can indicate a ruptured cyst or an ovarian torsion. Both complications can have serious consequences if not treated early.

Ovarian Cyst Complications

Most ovarian cysts are benign and naturally go away on their own without treatment. These cysts cause little, if any, symptoms. But in a rare case, your doctor may detect a cancerous cystic ovarian mass during a routine examination.

Ovarian torsion  This is when a large cyst causes an ovary to twist or move from its original position.

Ruptured cysts, which are also rare, can cause intense pain and internal bleeding.

Diagnosing an Ovarian Cyst | Diagnosis

Your doctor can detect an ovarian cyst during a routine pelvic examination. Imaging tools used to diagnose ovarian cysts include:

  • CT scan: a body imaging device used to create cross-sectional images of internal organs
  • MRI: a test that uses magnetic fields to produce in-depth images of internal organs
  • Ultrasound: an imaging device used to visualize the ovary

Because the majority of cysts disappear after a few weeks or months, your doctor may not immediately recommend a treatment plan. Instead, he or she may repeat the ultrasound in a few weeks or months to check your condition.

If there aren’t any changes in your condition or if the cyst increases in size, your doctor will request additional tests to determine other causes of your symptoms.

They include:

  • pregnancy test: to determine whether or not you’re pregnant
  • hormone level test: to check for hormone-related issues, such as too much estrogen or progesterone
  • CA 125 Blood test: to screen for ovarian cancer

Ovarian Cyst Prevention

Ovarian cysts cannot be prevented. However, routine gynecological examinations can detect ovarian cysts early. Benign ovarian cysts do not become cancerous. However, symptoms of ovarian cancer can mimic symptoms of an ovarian cyst. Thus, it is important to visit your doctor and receive a correct diagnosis. Alert your doctor to symptoms that may indicate a problem, such as:

  • changes in your menstrual cycle
  • ongoing pelvic pain
  • loss of appetite
  • unexplained weight loss
  • abdominal fullness

Although some doctors take a “wait and see” approach with ovarian cysts, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove and examine any cyst or growth that develops on the ovaries after menopause. This is because the risk of developing a cancerous cyst and ovarian cancer increases after menopause. Some doctors will remove a cyst in premenopausal and postmenopausal women if it is larger than 4 inches in diameter.

Ovarian cysts do not increase the risk of ovarian cancer.

Foods which Boost Testosterone Level


Ball-and-stick model of the testosterone molec...

Testosterone is the principal male sex hormone , It play an important role in development of male reproductive organs and secondary characteristics , You cant be injected with testosterone without medical prescription but you can eat foods that enhance testosterone level in the blood , and this list contains  foods that can boost this level :

Oysters: Protein, magnesium, lots of zinc

Along with increasing your physical endurance, oysters pack more zinc than almost any other food source just six gives you almost seven times the RDA and zinc plays a key role in muscle growth and testosterone levels.

Beans: Protein, fiber, zinc

Beans are indeed the magical fruit. Beans pack a bigger shot of zinc than any other member of the veggie family; some (like baked beans) even rival the zinc content of red meat. Add that to a food that’s high in protein and fiber and low in fat, and you have a winning combo.

Poultry: Protein and little fat

High-protein diets have a positive impact on muscle mass and thus testosterone levels and high fat seems to have the opposite effect. So while chicken and turkey lack high zinc levels, their protein-to-fat ratios make them important to your diet.

Eggs: Protein and cholesterol

Testosterone is synthesized from cholesterol, and as such, food containing cholesterol is a good source of building blocks for testosterone. Eggs are a source of pure, unadulterated cholesterol, and one recent study showed that the excess cholesterol in eggs isn’t as harmful as previously thought.

Cottage Cheese: (1% Milk Fat)Protein with very little fat

One cup of 1% cottage cheese has more protein and less fat than a serving of lean beef or chicken. Have it as a snack or with a meal for testosterone-boosting potential.

Broccoli: Indole-3-carbinol, fiber

Elevated estrogen levels lead to fat accumulation and can interfere with muscle growth. In a clinical study, indole-3-carbinol cut the largely female hormone estradiol in half for men. Broccoli contains high levels of indoles, food compounds that help reduce bad estrogen.

Cabbage: Indole-3-carbinol, fiber

In addition to exhibiting the same estradiol-restricting properties as other cruciferous vegetables, cabbage is high in fiber. Fiber is great for controlling weight, as it prevents the consumption of fattier foods. Keeping weight down has an anti-estrogen impact.

Garlic: Allicin

In clinical studies, garlic’s active ingredient enhances testosterone levels and inhibits cortisol, a hormone that competes with testosterone, limiting its actions and breaking down muscle tissue.

Brussels Sprouts: Indole-3-carbinol, fiber

You should have listened to your mom: Brussels sprouts do help you grow up big and strong. Like the other vegetables on our list, these specifically target bad estrogen and pack just as much fiber.

 

via 10 Foods To Boost Your Testosterone Level | Fac Medicine – Faculty of Medicine – School of Medicine.

How Yoga Helps the Back


English: Vrksasana, the tree position, a Yoga ...

The most commonly practiced form of yoga is Hatha yoga. A physical form, Hatha yoga incorporates a series of poses called Asanas, while relying on a breathing technique, referred to as Pranayama. By adopting very basic and sometimes very complex body postures and breathing techniques, the goal of yoga is to provide the practitioner a number of physical and mental benefits.

Physical Benefits of Yoga Exercises

Strengthening from holding yoga positions. Yoga helps increase strength in very specific muscles and muscle groups. Holding positions in yoga is not intended to be uncomfortable. However, it does require concentration and specific use of muscles throughout the body. Muscle strength improves by remaining in these yoga positions and incorporating various movements.

Many of the postures in yoga gently strengthen the muscles in the back, as well as the abdominal muscles. Back and abdominal muscles are essential components of the muscular network of the spine, helping the body maintain proper upright posture and movement. When these muscles are well conditioned, back pain can be greatly reduced or avoided.

Stretching and relaxation from yoga. Yoga incorporates stretching and relaxation, which reduces tension in stress-carrying muscles. Yoga requires that the individual hold gentle poses anywhere from 10 to 60 seconds. Within the pose, certain muscles flex, while others stretch, promoting relaxation and flexibility in muscles and joints.

For people with lower back pain, stretching is very important. For example, stretching the hamstring muscles (in the back of the thigh) helps expand the motion in the pelvis, decreasing stress across the lower back. In addition, stretching with yoga increases blood flow, allowing nutrients to flow in, toxins to flow out, and overall nourishment of the muscles and soft tissues in the lower back.

Breathing is considered very important during the yoga poses. While holding a position, the tendency is to hold the breath as well. Instead, the intention is to have a deep, free, and rhythmic breath through the nose on both the inhale and the exhale. The quality of the breath in many ways determines the quality of the yoga practice. This will emphasize a relaxed body and encourage strong circulation.

Posture, balance, and body alignment through yoga. The yoga poses are meant to train the body to be healthy and supple. Consistent practice and application will result in improved posture, and an increased sense of balance, with head, shoulders and pelvis in proper alignment. Additionally, unlike many other forms of exercise, yoga helps stretch and strengthens both sides of the body equally.

Proper body alignment and good posture, which helps maintain the natural curvature of the spine, is an important part of reducing or avoiding lower back pain.

Awareness of the body through yoga increases with practice. In theory, specific positioning and repositioning not only limbers the body, but also trains people to understand the limitations of their body. An increased awareness acts as a preventative measure, in that the individual will know what types of motions should and should not be avoided.

Mental Benefits of Yoga Exercises

Engaging in Hatha yoga affords the practitioner with a mental state of mind that is ready for meditation, which in turn reduces stress and enhances mood. These mental benefits play an important role in the overall healing benefits of yoga.

via How Yoga Helps the Back.

Using Yoga to Rehab Your Back


English: Ushtrasana yoga pose

Over the last few decades, the ancient practice of yoga has become an increasingly popular form of exercise in the Western world. Whether you prefer a vigorous physical practice or something more relaxing and meditative, the various styles of yoga offer something for everyone.

Yoga has become a preferred form of exercise for many patients suffering from back pain or recovering from an injury; its attraction often lies in the individual nature of the practice and the opportunity for modifications. Besides helping to alleviate pain, a regular yoga practice can also help restore mobility and work to prevent future injury.

Though they vary in method and practice, each style of yoga is grounded in three main components: body posture, breathing, and meditation. When it comes to back pain or injury, finding poses that don’t cause any excess pain is essential to developing a safe and effective practice. Once the fundamental movements have been established, the physical benefits abound. Some of these benefits include:

Strengthening of targeted muscle groups. Yoga challenges you to hold certain poses anywhere from a few seconds to a minute or more. Holding is what increases strength in the muscle. Especially important for the spine are poses that require the use of the core muscles, which help with spinal movement and stability and help to reduce the risk of injury.

Stretching and relaxation. While you are holding a pose, certain muscles flex, allowing the antagonistic muscles to stretch and relax. An example of this is the hamstring and hip muscles, which can be the culprit in many instances of low back pain. Stretching the hamstring and hip muscles expands motion in the pelvis, helping to reduce stress on the low back. In addition, stretching improves circulation and brings much needed healing nutrients to damaged tissues.

Posture and balance. Yoga poses focus on proper alignment, and you may even hear, “Stack bones on bones.” In order to accomplish this stacking, it is necessary to bring head, shoulders, and pelvis into alignment. With consistent practice, this stacking will become natural and you will notice an overall improvement in your posture. Allowing the weight of the bones to support each other will reduce tension in the muscles and help avoid lower back pain.

Body awareness. After you have been practicing yoga for a while, you may start to notice an increase in flexibility and also an awareness of your body’s limitations. This awareness is important in preventing future injury, as you will know which motions should be avoided.

Many of our readers have expressed interest in incorporating yoga into their exercise and rehabilitation routines but are unsure of how it will affect their pain. Fellow readers who have tried yoga shared some advice in our forums:

  • Before beginning a yoga practice, it is essential that you consult with your doctor, especially if you have had spine surgery. Depending on your specific condition, yoga may not be an advisable exercise.
  • Often back pain can make forward bending and spinal twisting very uncomfortable, at the least. Make modifications when necessary. Forcing a painful posture will only make things worse.
  • Try a slower, gentler style of yoga,  yoga focuses on proper body alignment and precise movements, and uses props like blocks or straps to make poses more comfortable.
  • Find an instructor who has experience with back patients. A well-trained, knowledgeable instructor will be able to guide you in which poses you should and shouldn’t do, and can offer modifications whenever necessary. If possible, schedule some private lessons with an instructor for more individualized help in creating the right yoga practice for you.

via Using Yoga to Rehab Your Back.

Early Signs of Liver Problems


NDDIC provides information about digestive dis...
NDDIC provides information about digestive diseases to people with digestive disorders and to their families, health care professionals, and the public. This publication is not copyrighted. The Clearinghouse encourages users of this fact sheet to duplicate and distribute as many copies as desired. What I need to know about Hepatitis C (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The human liver is an important bodily organ essential for living a healthy life. Its primary function is to breakdown nutrients from food we eat and help with digestion. It performs several other functions which makes it important to pay attention to the health of your liver. Here are symptoms of liver damage that should be taken seriously:

1. Skin changes

One visible symptom of liver damage is changes in the color of your skin. If your skin starts becoming paler or yellowish and your nail tips turn yellow your liver is not performing well and requires help. Newly yellow tints in skin are caused by the liver not releasing toxins which leads to bilirubin accumulation beneath the skin.

2. Abdominal changes

The liver is located near the rib cage, when liver health starts deteriorating it causes pain in the lower abdomen and ribs. Ascites can develop if the problem goes untreated.

3. Frequent gassy sensation

If you frequently suffer from a gassy sensation accompanied by stool pressure its an indication that the liver is not able to secrete digestive juices which are essential to break down food. It also means the digestive system is affected by liver problems.

4. Tiredness

When the liver breaks down food it releases energy used to perform daily tasks. Getting tired easily is a sign of lack of energy which can indicate the liver is unable to do its job properly.

5. Urine changes

When our liver starts getting damaged the color of urine changes to darker variants of yellow. It may also become bloody or tar-colored. Some think this change in color is due to dehydration, if you are ingesting sufficient fluids it indicates poor liver health.

6. Itchy skin

An indicator of liver problems associated with skin is itchiness. If you find itchy areas on your skin that continuously get worse its a sign of liver problems.

7. Nausea

Digestive issues such as indigestion and acid reflux are symptoms of liver damage. If digestive problems or nausea dose not improve with dietary changes its a sign of liver damage. In severe cases it may also lead to vomiting.

8. Severe weight loss

Sudden, unplanned weight loss can be seen as a symptom of liver damage. If you are losing weight without trying it may be from loss of appetite which happens when the liver becomes weak making you thin and malnourished.

9. Fluid retention

Fluid retention in various parts of the body, especially feet, is a sign of weak liver. This condition is known as edema and looks like swelling, it can happen in your ankles, hands, feet, and thighs. If you press a finger gently into a swollen area the imprint will stay a few seconds with edema.

10. Stool changes

Changes in stool can indicate liver problems. If you observe traces of blood in the bathroom, call your doctor. Other signs of liver damage associated with stool may include periods of constipation or irritable bowel syndrome.

via 10 Early Signs of Liver Problems – PositiveMed.

Foods that Increase Sperm Count


English: sperm

Bananas

Bananas are effective at increasing sperm count, they contain a rare enzyme called bromelain which is responsible for regulating sex hormones. They are also a rich source of vitamins B1, A and C. These essential vitamins help the body enhance its sperm producing ability and increases stamina significantly.

Dark chocolate

Dark chocolate is not just used in seduction, there are health benefits also. It contains L-arginine HCL, related to arginine also present in walnuts. It increases sperm count and boosts semen volume. Men who consume dark chocolate everyday have reported stronger and more intense orgasms.

Garlic

Garlic has the ability to increase blood flow in the body. Garlic contains a chemical called allicin which prevents plaque from building up in arteries and enhances blood flow to genitals and supplements the strength of the sperm. Garlic provides the body with selenium and vitamin B6 which avoid sperm damage and are responsible for regulating sex hormones.

Pomegranates

Pomegranates are useful in problems ranging from cold and flu to low sperm count. Pomegranates contain anti-oxidants that lower down a chemical in the blood which destroys sperm. This chemical is known as malondialidehyde. A glass of pomegranate juice daily destroys free radicals and help sperm get to the egg .

Walnuts

Walnuts contain an element called arginine that helps in the increased production of sperm and also aids in semen volume increase. Walnuts also contain Omega-3 fatty acids which help increase blood flow to the penis. They also possess twice the antioxidant power of other nuts. An amazing fact about walnuts is that having 7 walnuts a day lowers cholesterol and the risk of heart attack.

Spinach

Spinach has many health benefits and is easily available. Green leafy vegetables like spinach contain high amounts of folic acid. Vegetables enriched in folic acid help contribute to sperm count. It makes them healthier and increases motility.

Fruit Salad

Fruits like oranges, strawberries, cherries, and other antioxidant rich fruits are effective in boosting sperm count and preventing damage to sperm. Eating a fruit salad helps you absorb all the nutrients and folic acid of fruits at one time. By making it a habit it can help counteract free radical damage. The semen of men who take up to 1000 mg of vitamin C daily has less clumping than that of their deficient counterparts. This increases motility and the chances of fertilization.

Egg

Eggs help increase sperm count and improve fertility. Eggs are rich in vitamin E, a deficiency of which is responsible for testicular tissue degeneration. The anti-oxidant quality of egg helps counteract the negative effects of free radicals on our cells.

Water

The simplest way to improve you sperm count is to drink ample water each day. Its necessary to keep your body hydrated in order to boost the functioning of cells, including sperm. Drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water a day can help your sperm to go a long way.

via 10 Foods that Increase Sperm Count – PositiveMed.

Garlic: a friend of heart


English: A basket of garlic (allium sativum) o...

Fresh garlic can significantly lower LDL cholesterol levels without hurting beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Garlic appears to act by blocking the liver from making too much LDL cholesterol.

Garlic helps support the body’s anti-clotting mechanism in arteries and veins. It helps in reducing  heart disease.

Garlic can mildly lower blood pressure by dilating or expanding blood vessels. And garlic helps prevent blood clots and therefore reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke by decreasing the stickiness of platelets.

Garlic helps in the treating  high cholesterol. Garlic ensures smooth coronary function.

Garlic has also been shown to reduce pain and other symptoms in people with rheumatoid arthritis.

Garlic has  anti-bacterial, anti-fungal properties and hypoglycemic action.

Garlic rejuvenates a tired liver and promotes its normal functioning.

Garlic helps in boosting weight of babies destined to be too small.

Garlic is used as a aphrodisiac, expectorant, and stimulant.

Garlic possesses anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, hypolipidemic and anticoagulant properties.

Garlic regulates metabolism and assist in the discharge of toxic food residuals.

Garlic helps in better breathing process and improves lungs activity, especially if you are asthmatic.

Garlic is observed to be a very efficient vessel dilator for improved blood vessel health and performance for human vital senses.

Functions of garlic are the same way as Vitamin E, which is known to improve blood circulation, to cleanse the blood, to increase red corpuscles, and to refresh cells by promoting the circulation of oxygen throughout the body, by its antioxidant activity.

Garlic reduces the size of some cancerous tumors and helps prevent some cancers, particularly those in the intestines.

One of the oldest uses of garlic, however, is as an antibiotic. Garlic kills a range of microbes, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites, and can be effective against such conditions as athlete’s foot, thrush (a fungal infection of the mouth), viral diarrhea, and the ulcer-causing bacteria Helicobacter pylori